Authoritarianism is a form of government characterized by strong central power and limited political freedoms individual freedoms are subordinate to the state and there is no constitutional accountability under an authoritarian regime [1. Authoritarianism, principle of blind submission to authority, as opposed to individual freedom of thought and actionin government, authoritarianism denotes any political system that concentrates power in the hands of a leader or a small elite that is not constitutionally responsible to the body of the people. Between tyranny and anarchy provides a unique comprehensive history and interpretation of efforts to establish democracies over two centuries in the major latin american countries drake takes an unusual interdisciplinary approach, combining history and political science with an emphasis on. The term latin america is used to describe the countries in america that were once the old colonies of european nations the reference to latin corresponds with the fact that as a by product of colonisation the languages now spoken in these countries are latin based.
The latin american and caribbean center is proud to place in your hands an exceptional issue of our annual publication gender-based violence is a scourge of societies worldwide and knows no barriers of class, ethnicity, race or religion along the long. Latin america was particularly vulnerable and there authoritarian states multiplied, including countries with a long democratic history many observers became pessimistic about the liberal model in general. David collier is chancellor's professor emeritus at the university of california, berkeley he works in the fields of comparative politics, latin american politics, and methodology.
Christianity in latin america: a short history 19 aztecs, human lives a cosmic harmony would be the outcome of this give-and-take relationship. Deeply ingrained within latin american culture and social structure, corporatism and authoritarianism are practiced today in public bureaucracy, labor relations, a variety of public policy programs, the laws and legal systems, and by such regimes and leaders as alberto fujimori of peru, hugh chávez of venezuela, and vicente fox of mexico. Transformation of latin america 1880-2000 time periods: 1880-1900: initiation export-import growth 1900-1930: expansion of export-import growth 1930-1960: import substituting industrialization 1960-1980: stagnation of isi 1980-2000: crisis, debt and democratization 1880-1900-post-independence colonial economy destroyed.
A campaign of political repression carried out by us-backed latin american dictatorships in the 70s and 80s that was designed to eliminate tens of thousands of leftwing activists. In fact, i have aired polish american radio shows since 1974 and recently received an award from the polish american congress of wisconsin for promoting polish-american music and culture and polish music and culture via my radio shows. The latin american independence movements confirmed their own belief in self-government in 1822 president james monroe, under powerful public pressure, received authority to recognize the new countries of latin america -- including the former portuguese colony of brazil -- and soon exchanged ministers with them.
This book takes on the challenge of conceptually thinking paraguayan cultural history within the broader field of latin american studies it presents original contributions to the study of paraguayan culture from a variety of perspectives that include visual, literary, and cultural studies gender studies, sociology, and political theory. Three new books offer bracing lessons from european and latin american history to help explain rising authoritarianism in the us and beyond. Peronism and other populist movements in postwar latin america claimed that the political rights and welfare of economically disadvantaged groups had been frustrated by economic elites. Military forces and military leaders avoided getting involved in latin american governments false the great depression caused some latin american governments to start new national industries such as oil and steel.
Authoritarianism, cultural history, and political resistance in latin america: exposing paraguay (memory politics and transitional justice) [federico pous, alejandro quin, marcelino viera] on amazoncom free shipping on qualifying offers. Authoritarian brazil redux latin america • october 6, 2018 • mao mollona on sunday 7th of october, the brazilian people will go to the polls to elect their next president. Latin america was settled by europeans at the end of the feudal era not in a time of early capitalism, emerging pluralism, the enlightenment and modernity as was the us in the eighteenth century. Authoritarianism: latin america traditional interpretations of authoritarianism in latin america root this phenomenon in the style of iberian colonization in the region the hispanic world, this argument alleges, was naturally more authoritarian than anglo-saxon cultures.
Latin america is at an inflection point voters are deciding which economic and social ideas to support the systems and the politicians in control for the first decades after the end of the. The history of race in latin america should not be allowed to degenerate into the victimology savored by some academics, nor need we accept the rhetoric of racial democracy repeated by politicians on national holidays.
Populist authoritarianism in comparative and 10:00am kurt weyland (ut austin), federico finchelstein (new school), silvia pedraza (michigan), phillip penix-tadsen (delaware. Latin america's powerful mafias come from two accidents of geography: one is sitting next to the world's biggest market for illegal drugs, the us, and the other is being the only region in the world to grow the coca plant, the main ingredient in cocaine, which remains among the world's most profitable drugs. In fact, studies of transition from authoritarianism to democracy in latin america and southern europe suggest that a rapid decomposition of state power, especially when aggravated by serious economic decline, is hardly conducive for the establishment of viable democratic regimes.